DixPix Photographs

     

INDONESIAN ARCHIPELAGO

 
     
  "OTHER" BIRDS  

 

Photographs of water birds and birds of prey have been placed in another page.  The remainder are mainly species adapted to the tropical forests of the Indonesian region.   Alas, it is usually difficult to clearly see birds occulted in jungle foliage, and the writer is not equipped with the enormous telephotographic systems which dedicated birders use.  As a result, many of the birds shown here are captive. The Jurong Bird Park in Singapore is one of the better places to get a look at feathered friends which otherwise are known only as voices in the forests.  The Indonesian word for bird is 'Burung'.

 

Surely one of the most outlandish class of birds are the hornbills, the orient's answer to toucans.  This is the Papuan (or Blyth's) Hornbill, at home on the north coast of Papua New Guinea, where its bill was once used for spear points.  Its range includes eastern Indonesia. Click to see big picture (564x480 pixels; 118 KB)
A closer look at a male Papuan Hornbill in a night shot.  It is properly addressed as Rhyticeros plicatus, although some of the local tribes call it Kokomo, and still hunt it for its feathers. Click to see big picture (577x480 pixels; 59 KB)
The female Wreathed Hornbill, Rhyticeros undulatus, which is native from northeastern India to Borneo.  Indonesians call it Julang emas, a referece to the golden pouch of the males. Click to see big picture (640x462 pixels; 106 KB)
A very telephoto shot of the Oriental Pied Hornbill, Anthracoceros albirostris, above the Tengan Besar River in Sabah.  The Malaysians call this bird Enggang Belulang, and it is found through much of southeast Asia; Banggang Belulang in the Indonesian form of Bahasa.  Click to see big picture (548x480 pixels; 59 KB)
The Bushy-crested Hornbill, Anorrhinus galeritus, whose range extends into Sumatra and Borneo from southeast Asia.  This is locally Enggang (Banggang) Belukar. Click to see big picture (442x480 pixels; 85 KB)
Showing off their head-gear in Jurong Bird Park, the Rhinocerus Hornbills, Buceros rhinoceros borneoensis. In nature these range from Malaya to Java and are the state bird of Sarawak, where they are called Enggang Badak (Banggang Badak in Indonesia). Click to see big picture (640x461 pixels; 149 KB)
The largest (and potentially dangerous) bird in the area is the Cassowary, Casuarius casuarius.  In this case it is the Double-wattled or Southern Cassowary in PNG, whose range extends from New Guinea into adjacent Australia.  Their leg bones were once used to make weapons, but the bird in now hunted for meat and feathers. Click to see big picture (640x326 pixels; 65 KB)
The male Peacock or Indian Pea Fowl doing its thing.  From the India region it has been widely exported and adapts well.  It is often released to grace public parks etc. as here.  It is the national bird of India and carries the latin name of Pavo cristatus. Click to see big picture (640x427 pixels; 151 KB)
And is the Female Peacock worth all that display?  Well, she comes a bit dressed up herself. female pea fowl
Bulwer's Pheasant, Lophura bulweri, is also known as the Wattled Pheasant.  It is found mainly in Borneo, where it is known as Pakiak and is vulnerable due to hunting for the pet trade.  This specimen, however, is safe in San Diego. Click to see big picture (363x480 pixels; 73 KB)
And the Malay Fireback Pheasant, Lophura erythrophthalma, is also found in Borneo, as well as Sumatra and Malaysia, albeit here in Singapore.  It is a ground bird of the lowlands and rated as vulnerable. Click to see big picture (640x392 pixels; 110 KB)
Back to San Diego for the Argus Pheasant or Great Argus, Argusianus argus, which has much the same range as the fireback.  The males of this species do a dance to attract the females.  The local name is Kuau Raja. Click to see big picture (298x480 pixels; 65 KB)
Introducing the Chestnut Breasted Malkoha.  Phaenicophaeus curvirostris seems to be the latin name at the moment, although some prefer the Zanclostomus genus.  The species normally haunts the lowlands and mangroves from Burma to Java.  If this one looks a little confused with a pine background, it is thanks again to the San Diego Zoo. Click to see big picture (428x480 pixels; 95 KB)
Three Black and Red Broadbills caught in their night roost by the Menanggul River in Sabah.  Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos is found in the lowlands through much of southeast Asia. Click to see big picture (445x480 pixels; 76 KB)
The Moluccan or Salmon- Crested Cockatoo, Cacatua moluccensis, has a restricted range, endemic to some of the Moluccan (Spice) Islands.  It is highly endangered by hunting for the pet trade, this specimen in the Bloedel Conservatory of Vancouver being a case in point. Click to see big picture (275x480 pixels; 53 KB)
A pair of Citron (or Sulphur) Crested Cockatoos, Cacatua Sulphurea citrinocristata, belong in eastern Indonesia, but are safer here in Denver.  Their local name is as bad as the latin one: Kakatua-kechil Jambul-kuning, liberally translated as "little yellow crested cockatoo'. Click to see big picture (518x480 pixels; 71 KB)
The Palm Cockatoo, Probosciger aterrimus, is a large bird, shown here in northern Papua New Guinea, but with a range into eastern Indonesia.  It is also called the Great Black Cockatoo, or in Bahasa as Kakatua Raja. Click to see big picture (640x436 pixels; 46 KB)
And while in PNG, this is the Victoria Crowned Pigeon, Goura victoria, which is mainly found in New Guinea, but has now been widely exported.  On its home range, it is vulnerable due to habitat loss and hunting. Click to see big picture (640x414 pixels; 87 KB)
Back to San Diego for a photo of the Victoria Crowned Pigeon on its nest.  Like the peacock, these birds are allowed to roam free in some parks. Click to see big picture (456x480 pixels; 115 KB)
The Pied Imperial Pigeon, Ducula bicolor, has a wide range in southeastern Asia.  It seems to be known as Pergam Laut in Indonesia, and Pergam Rawa in the Malay form of Bahasa.  Captive. Click to see big picture (298x480 pixels; 52 KB)
This appears to be a male Pink Neck Pigeon, Treron vernans, with a range from Thailand to Indonesia. Click to see big picture (350x480 pixels; 70 KB)
A somewhat similar Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon, Ducula rufigaster, of Indonesian extraction, but here in Jurong Bird Park. Click to see big picture (469x480 pixels; 111 KB)
The Bleeding Heart Dove, Gallicolumba luzonica deserves mention, although originating in the Philippines.  Here it shows off its red chest at the zoo in Santa Barbara, Calif.
In the same location, the Nicobar Pigeon, Caloenas nicobarica, of unusual appearance.  It is mainly native to small islands in southeast Asia and the Pacific, and is hunted for the pet trade and for its gizzard stones which are used in jewelry. Click to see big picture (636x480 pixels; 147 KB)
The Eclectus Parrot, Eclectus roratus, is found in northern Australia and in Eastern Indonesia, where it is known as Nuri Bayan.  As far as color is concerned, the two sexes look very different, this is the Male.
And here, decked out in green, is the female Eclectus Parrot.  Both are housed at the Bloedel Conservatory in Vancouver.
The Bali Mynah (Leucopsar rothschildi), has been chosen as the fauna symbol for Bali, and is the only bird endemic to the island.  Alas, it is almost extinct in its home range due to the pet trade.  The local name is Jalak Bali. Click to see big picture (640x403 pixels; 104 KB)
Of somewhat similar appearance is the Black-winged Starling, Acridotheres melanopterus.  Although here exhibited at Jurong, it is thriving in Bali and Java, having adapted well to civilization, as starlings tend to do.  While the english name emphasizes the black wings, the local name, Jalak Putih, notes that it is mainly white. Click to see big picture (640x466 pixels; 53 KB)
Also from Bali and Java is the Java Sparrow (or Finch), Padda oryzivora.  It has become a specialist in eating rice, and hence a pest.  Here in Vancouver, however, it must get used to ordinary bird food. Click to see big picture (485x480 pixels; 66 KB)
Taeniopygia guttata, the Zebra Finch, is native to Australia and eastern Indonesia.  Bloedel Conservatory, Vancouver.
The Black-naped oriole, Oriolus chinensis, may be found through much of southeast Asia, including here in Singapore. Click to see big picture (501x480 pixels; 67 KB)
And finally to Kelandaun Lake in Sabah for the Pacific or Hill Swallow, Hirundo tahitica.  It is native to much of Asia and out into the Pacific Islands, as the latin name would suggest.  In Bahasa Malay it is called Layang-layang batu. Click to see big picture (308x480 pixels; 45 KB)