DixPix Photographs

     

TROPICAL CENTRAL AMERICA

 
     
  Fauna: PARROTS, DOVES AND HUMMERS  

 

This page collects photos from birds of three avian Families, namely Psittacidae, the Parrots and Macaws; Columbidae, the Doves and Trochilidae, the Hummingbirds.

 

The Parrot Family is the most widely exploited in the bird pet trade, and among the more popular in tropical settings is Ara ararauna, the Blue and Yellow Macaw.  Beside its splendid appearance, it can be taught to talk. Click to see big picture (640x445 pixels; 124 KB)
In the wild, Blue and Yellow Macaws mate for life, with a native range from Panama into Brazil.  Guacamayo Azul y Amarillo is a common name in Spanish. Click to see big picture (640x291 pixels; 64 KB)
The Green-winged or Red and Green Macaw is native mainly to northern South America, with populations extending from Columbia into Eastern Panama.  It once ranged to the Canal Zone, but is in decline and retreat.  The latin tag is Ara chloroptera.  Captive. Click to see big picture (305x480 pixels; 61 KB)
The Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) is the national bird of Honduras, but it is not certain that any still live there.  Known as Guacamaya Roja or Guacamaya Bandera it is widely threatened by a combination of habitat destruction, pet trade poaching and pesticides.  It once ranged from Mexico to the Amazon.  Captive. Click to see big picture (286x480 pixels; 57 KB)
An Amazona auropalliata, the Yellow-naped Parrot (or Amazon) scolds the photographer.  The species is greatly sought for the pet trade, as it can be taught to talk.  This bird seems to have adopted a small community on an island in Lake Nicaragua, part of its range from Costa Rica to southern Mexico.  Here it would be referred to as Loro Nuca Amarilla. Click to see big picture (593x480 pixels; 93 KB)
The Yellow-crowned Parrot (or Amazon), Amazona ochrocephala, is more likely to be found in South America and Panama.  The taxonomy is messy, and some suspect this is the same species as A. auropalliata.  This look a lot like the Red-tailed Amazon, but that is a coastal species. Click to see big picture (515x480 pixels; 69 KB)
On the left is a captive Yellow-crowned Parrot, and on the right one which has simply adopted an encampment and visits frequently.  This also shows some of the variation, for which this is sometimes called a complex rather than a species.  In any case, they seem unusually sociable to humans. Click to see big picture (580x480 pixels; 102 KB)
Red-lored or Red-fronted Parrots (Amazona autumnalis) are now widespread in the Neotropics, but found mainly in Central America.  This pair were photographed at the Filo Tallo Lodge in Darien Panama.  This is a popular pet trade species and populations have suffered.
The Orange-chinned Parakeet does not always display it orange chin, but it does range from Mexico to Venezuela, here in eastern Panama.  Brotogeris jugularis in latin. 
The White-capped Parrot, Pionus senilis, tends to be found in flocks from tropical Mexico to Panama, known as Loro Senil or Chucuyo.  This bird might wish to join such a flock, but alas it is in the Jurong Bird Park in Singapore. Click to see big picture (478x480 pixels; 62 KB)
Inca Doves, Scardafella inca are placed by some in the Columbina genus.  They may be found from the southern U.S. to Costa Rica. (So why aren't they called the Aztec doves?) Click to see big picture (629x480 pixels; 97 KB)
An Inca Dove on her simple nest.  In Central America they are mainly found on the Pacific side of the isthmus, and known as Tortolita Colilarga.  In cold weather, they are known to huddle in heaps. Click to see big picture (603x480 pixels; 109 KB)
Some mention should be made of the global phenomenon of the Rock Dove, better known as a city pigeon.  Columba livia began its career in Eurasia and northern Africa, but is now virtually everywhere.  It is typically grey, but feral populations can be extremely variable.  This dark example, is perched on a satellite dish in the town of Meteti, Darien Panama, where it would be known as Paloma Bravia.
Columbina talpacoti is known in English as the Cinnamon Dove, or as the Ruddy Ground-dove. This specimen, which died of unknown cause in Managua, is showing the colored chest for which it is named.  It ranges from Mexico to northern Argentina, frequenting cultivated and urban areas.  In Central America, Tortolita Rojiza is the usual name. Click to see big picture (640x468 pixels; 123 KB)
White-tipped Doves, Leptotila verreauxi, also range to Argentina, but in addition populate parts of the Caribbean and southern U.S.  There are many subspecies and local names, the simple Paloma Coliblanca being common in Central America. Click to see big picture (640x403 pixels; 72 KB)
Zenaida macroura, the Mourning Dove, is one of the most common, and most heavily hunted from Canada to Panama.  It manages to maintain its numbers by laying several clutches of eggs each year.  It is found in Central America mainly during winter, and is known there as Paloma rabuda (sharp-tailed dove) or as La Huilota. Click to see big picture (640x415 pixels; 155 KB)
Zenaida asiatica is known as the White-winged Dove.  Despite its Latin name, its range covers much of North and Central America and the Caribbean.  Here on the southwest coast of Mexico it would be called the Paloma aliblanca.
The Violet Sabrewing, Campylopterus hemileucurus, is the largest hummingbird in Central America, where it is commonly known as Sable Violaceo.  It seeks nectar from Mexico to western Panama. Click to see big picture (530x480 pixels; 123 KB)
A Panterpe insignis on Volcan Baru, western Panama.  Colibri Insigne is confined to this area and the mountains of Costa Rica.  It is not showing much of the red throat patch that gives it the English name of Fiery-throated Hummingbird, but it seems a variable species in this regard. Click to see big picture (381x480 pixels; 92 KB)
Blue-chested Hummingbirds, Amazilia amabilis, may be found in lowland forests from Nicaragua to Colombia, favoring the Caribbean slopes.  The more common local name is Colibri Pechiazul. Click to see big picture (640x428 pixels; 65 KB)
Green-crowned (or Green-fronted) Brilliants have been saddled with the name Heliodoxa jacula, and on their home turf of Costa Rica and Panama have earned the name Brillante Frenteverde.  That's the male with the blue bib, while the speckle chested female is on the right. Click to see big picture (576x480 pixels; 76 KB)
Eugenes fulgens is a mountain hummer, from the southwestern U.S. to Panama, here in the latter.  These are males, showing off their sky blue throats which have earned them the name of Colibri Magnifico, or in English Magnificent Hummingbirds. Click to see big picture (576x480 pixels; 71 KB)
From the Llano-Carti Road in Panama, this seems to be the Blue-chested Hummingbird again. Click to see big picture (382x480 pixels; 50 KB)
Male Green Hermit Hummingbirds, Phaethornis guy, are striking and distinctive.  They may be encountered in Costa Rica and Panama, and are also found in the northern Andes farther south.  The usual Spanish name is a simple translation, Ermitaño Verde. Click to see big picture (276x480 pixels; 45 KB)
The Purple-throated Mountain Gem was clearly named for the male.  Females prefer the orange-fronted ensemble seen on the right.  Lampornis calolaema might turn up at your hummer-feeder anywhere from southern Nicaragua to western Panama.  Colibri Montañes Gorgipurpurea locally. Click to see big picture (610x480 pixels; 83 KB)
Florisuga mellivora, the White-necked Jacobin is widespread in the Neotropics.  Here a male is hovering at the town of Minca in northern Colombia.
A female of the widely distibuted White-necked Jacobin (Florisuga mellivora).
A male White-vented Plumeleteer (Chalybura buffonii).  The species is at home in Panama, Venezuela, and here in Colombia near Minca.
And in the same area, this is the female of the White-vented Plumeleteer.
Amazilia tzacatl, known as the Rufous-tail Hummingbird, is native from southern Mexico to Ecuador.  Here at a feeder in Minca, northern Colombia.
The Steely-vented Hummingbird, Amazilia saucerrottei, ranges from Nicaragua to Colombia.  Photo from the Santa Marta region of northern Columbia.
A male Green Violetear (Colibri thalassinus) showing the ear plumage for which it is named. This is a widespread species in the Neotropical highlands.  El Dorado Lodge, northeastern Colombia.
Sparkling Violetears (Colibri coruscans) may be found in the Andes from Venezuela to Bolivia.  Photo from Wildsumaco Lodge, Ecuador.
Violet-crowned Woodnymphs (Thalurania colombica) range from Guatemala to Ecuador.  These are feeding at the El Dorado Lodge in northeastern Colombia.  Male on left, female on right.
Coeligena Phalerata, the White-tailed Starfrontlet is endemic to the Santa Marta mountains of northeastern Colombia.  This photo of a male is from the El Dorado Reserve.
Chrysuronia oenome are known as Golden-tailed Sapphires, which may be found in the highlands from Venezuela to Bolivia.  Here feeding a Wildsumaco Lodge, Ecuador.  Male on left, female on right.
The Sapphire-throated Hummingbird (Lepidopyga coeruleogularis) is pretty well restricted to Panama and adjacent parts of Colombia.  Here they are in Panama's Darien Province, with the male on the left.
Again from the Darien, Anthracothorax nigricollis.  Known as the Black-throated Mango, it ranges from here in Panama though much of South America.  Once again, the male in on the left.
Wire-crested Thorntails (Discosura popelairii) are found in the eastern Andes of Ecuador and Peru.  Wildsumaco Lodge again, with the male on the right.
Taphrospilus hypostictus is known as the Many Spotted Hummingbird for obvious reasons.  It ranges through the eastern Andes from here in Ecuador to Bolivia.
Meet Ocreatus underwoodii peruanus, better known as the Booted Racquet-tail.  With ankle puffs and a tail flag, the male of this species is distinctive.  It inhabits the highlands from Venezuela to Bolivia, here at the Wildsumaco Lodge in Ecuador.