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                                       SOUTHERN CORDILLERA   

                          SOCIAL ASPECTS OVERVIEW

Many travelers, from North America, Europe, etc.,  visit cities of the Southern Cordillera and hardly feel that they have left home.  Sheltered by international hotel chains from language, customs and culinary shock; and circulating with the business or professional classes, there is little cultural dislocation.  Those traveling from North America don't even experience much jet lag.   True, the business hours in cities such as Santiago tend to be longer, with rush hours centering on 8AM and 7PM.  Some sectors close down for an extended siesta, and in Argentina formal dinners tend to start surprisingly close to midnight.  But all in all, no culture shock.  And in industries such as forestry, agriculture and mining which are geared to export, there is an international mind-set, which has unfortunately contributed to some of the environmental and land-use problems to be discussed.

But the cultural gradient between this "magic circle" and the rest of the territory can be steep, be it into the slums of the big cities or the hinterlands, and this is especially true in Peru and Bolivia.  It is not just a decrease of means or a measure of  poverty, but a change in mind-set, and in the countryside a return to "older" ways of living.  To consider these more "simple" lifestyles would be a gross misrepresentation.  But to the jaded eyes of many gringos, these ways of life will seem more "colorful".

THIS SECTION IS BROKEN DOWN AS FOLLOWS

                              PREHISTORY
                                      OVERVIEW
                                      PETROGLYPHS
                                      PICTOGRAPHS
                                      GEOGLYPHYS & ARTIFACTS
                                       RUINS
                                       EASTER ISLAND

                                 LIFESTYLES
                                        OVERVIEW
                                        DISAPPEARING WAYS
                                        LIFE IN DRY LANDS
                                        AGRICULTURE
                                        GAUCHOS & HERDING
                                        FISHING & FISHERMEN
                                        MINING
                                        TRANSPORTATION
                                        RECREATION

                                 PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES
                                         OVERVIEW
                                         POVERTY
                                         ENVIRONMENT
                                         LAND-USE CONFLICTS
                                         TERRORISTS (PERU)

                                  INSTITUTIONS
                                          OVERVIEW
                                          RELIGION
                                          SUPERSTITION & CEREMONY
                                          MILITARY (CHILEAN COUP)